Choosing the Right Flooring for Your Home

When considering new Flooring Fairfield NJ there are many considerations to make. From how well it will keep your home insulated to how easy it is to maintain. A licensed contractor can help you find the right floor for your home.


Carpets, linoleum, and laminate floors can trap dust, animal dander, pollen, and particulate matter, making them hard to clean and uncomfortable for allergy sufferers. Hardwood floors don’t trap these allergens and are a great option for people with allergies.

Hardwood floors are beautiful, add value to your home, and can last for generations if properly maintained. But before committing to this expensive material, think carefully about your lifestyle and how your hardwood floors will be used. Will they endure the dings, dents, and scratches that can come from dropped soup cans, heavy furniture, and your Aussiedoodle’s nails? Are you okay with the fact that hardwood floors might change color in areas exposed to sunlight, and can you live with it if they do?

If you decide to choose wood flooring that will hold up well to high traffic, look for species like oak, maple, and hickory. These are a little harder than some other varieties and, therefore, more durable. Oak is particularly popular as it’s available in a wide variety of color tones and can be stained in almost any color. Oak also has a tight grain pattern that helps mask dents and scratches. It’s a great option for families with kids and pets that might make a mess of softer woods.

Another good choice is cherry. This species is hard and has a beautiful reddish-brown hue with medium to coarse graining. It’s becoming more popular than it has in the past because it is sustainable and requires a shorter acclimation period than some other species. Another newer trend is domestic ash. This species is even harder than oak and has a light-to-gray coloring that contrasts nicely with many other types of flooring. It’s a great choice for high-traffic areas and can be stained to complement any style.

Solid hardwood is milled from a single piece of timber and is either dried in a kiln or naturally air-dried outdoors. The hardwood is then sawn into planks or strips. The way the lumber is cut, which has a big impact on price, determines how well your floor will wear and how it looks. Flat or plain sawing is the most common cutting technique and results in a cathedral-like grain pattern. Quarter sawn is cut perpendicular to the growth rings and creates a wavier grain pattern; it’s also more dimensionally stable than plain sawn. Rift sawing is a less common technique but produces the most stable and unique-looking flooring.


Tile flooring adds visual impact and a touch of elegance to kitchens and bathrooms. It also accentuates design styles that can range from traditional to modern. Natural stone tiles, such as granite and marble, are among the most luxurious types of tile flooring available. These high-end materials are a beautiful addition to any home and often increase its value.

Tile floors are easy to clean and maintain. A quick sweep with a broom or vacuum and occasional deep cleaning with a damp mop will keep them looking their best for years to come. Tile is also resistant to water and stain damage, so spills don’t sit for long on the surface.

Choosing the right type of tile for your floor will depend on its expected use. Some ceramic or porcelain tiles are designed to withstand light traffic, while others are suitable for high-traffic areas. To determine which variety is best for your home, consider its location and how many people will be using the room regularly.

The color and texture of tile flooring are another important factor to consider. For example, glazed porcelain and ceramic tiles are typically neutral in color, but new tile technology provides options for more vibrant hues. The size of the tiles and how they’re laid on the floor can influence their look as well. For example, large-format rectangular tiles can give a more spacious appearance to smaller rooms.

Mosaic tiles can also be used on the floor, creating unique patterns and textures. They’re available in small-scale penny rounds, large-format rectangles, and even wood-look planks. They can be placed as an accent around a fireplace or installed in a wall-to-wall pattern in a powder room.

Some tile types are heavy, and the installation process requires professional experience to minimize breakage during laying. This is especially true for natural stone tiles, which may require additional subfloor preparation and a powerful wet saw to cut pieces for fitting around borders and obstacles. Some tile is brittle, making it easier to crack, so homeowners with young children and pets may want to consider another option for the first floor of their home.


Vinyl flooring has been around for decades and continues to be a popular choice for homeowners. It is available in a variety of timeless and trendy designs, with some even mimicking natural options like wood and ceramic tile. In addition, it comes in flexible tiles and planks that are easy to install, which is a great benefit when you need to renovate a room quickly.

Vinyl is durable and resists cracks, dents, and breaks from impact and pressure far better than other materials like hardwood or laminate. It is also stain-resistant and doesn’t require a lot of maintenance to look great. Regular dusting or sweeping and periodic mopping will keep your vinyl floor looking fresh. However, you should be careful not to use abrasive mops that could scratch or dull the surface.

There are two main types of vinyl: sheet and tile. Sheet flooring is laid down in large sheets that are up to 12 feet wide, allowing for fewer seams and an easier installation process. It is also very affordable, making it a great option for homeowners who want to make their home more stylish without breaking the bank.

The core layer of vinyl is made from either stone plastic composite (SPC) or wood plastic composite (WPC). SPC is harder, denser, and more compact than WPC. The cushion layer is made of foam or felt and can be pre-attached to the vinyl sheet or come as a separate element. It provides extra cushioning and noise absorption for a more comfortable floor to walk on.

Another important factor to consider is the environmental impact of vinyl flooring. It is composed of synthetic, or man-made, materials, such as polyvinyl chloride, that can have a negative impact on the environment. In addition, the manufacturing processes and chemicals used to produce vinyl can have toxic effects if not handled correctly.

Unlike laminate, which is made of wood by-products and can be damaged when exposed to water, vinyl is completely waterproof and is an ideal choice for rooms such as the kitchen, bathroom, or basement. Vinyl is also phthalate-free, has low VOC and formaldehyde emissions, and is UK allergy certified, contributing to healthier indoor environments.


Carpet is known for its softness and comfort, and it adds warmth and a cozy feel to a room. It also helps to absorb noise and can be a great option for rooms where people spend a lot of time sitting. It can also be easy to clean as it hides dirt and dust, although it requires regular vacuuming and care. It is also an excellent insulator, keeping warm air inside your home during colder temperatures and seasons.

There are many different types of carpet, and the quality depends on the fibers used and the way they’re attached to the backing. Some are made using a loom, a traditional method that creates firm carpet with detailed patterns; others use a tufting machine, which is quicker and more efficient but may not be as durable. The number of yarn strands in your carpet is another factor to consider, called the “ply.” A higher ply means more thickness.

Carpets can be made from natural or synthetic fibers, which determine the type of texture and color. There are a few different types of fibers, including wool, polyester, and acrylic. Wool is the best choice for a natural carpet, as it’s durable and resistant to dyes. It is also eco-friendly and hypoallergenic, which makes it a good choice for families with young children. Polyester is the most common synthetic fiber and is very stain-resistant, although it can fade over time.

In recent years, there has been a debate about whether carpet actually aggravates or alleviates respiratory problems such as asthma and allergies. Although some people still advise removing all carpets, numerous studies have shown that if you choose the right type of carpet, it can be beneficial to your health.

When looking for carpet, look for a fiber with low VOC (volatile organic compound) emissions. These harmful gases are released by many products, including flooring, and can be difficult to breathe. Some carpets are manufactured with polypropylene, which is a recycled plastic that has a lower emission level than other plastics. Another option is jute, a natural fiber derived from a plant and one of the most sustainable fibers.